Wednesday, December 4, 2013

Arranged Love Marriages

There is a TV commercial being aired  by Bharat Matrimony, promoting one of their services as “Assisted Matrimony”. It is a personalised matchmaking service where the Relationship Manager of the service provider first understands the  expectations of the prospective bride/groom. Then using superior technology combined with expertise in the field not only searches and sends  the most suitable profiles to the registered parties but also manages prospect responses. He also helps  parties to get married in an easy and convenient way
The commercial set me thinking about the most  discussed topic of `arranged vs. love marriages` – which works better in life?

A random survey in India will clearly show that arranged marriages are still more popular among boys and girls – who prefer to play it safe and leave it to their  parents to help them find a spouse.It is another matter that the number of conditions that they impose these days makes it a nightmare for parents to find suitable spouses for their son or daughter. Fed up  with such a situation many parents are even urging  their eligible sons and daughters to find their own partners.  I know of a friend who told his daughter- `religion, caste, creed no bar- just get married`.

In the earlier days, the men had a choice of girls who were paraded in front of them, in innumerable “bride seeing”ceremonies. Very often,  after partaking the delicious ‘sojjis and bajjis’   dished out by the girl’s families they rejected the girls, on flimsy grounds.  Today the empowered and independent girls have equal say in rejecting the boys, very often on equally flimsy grounds.Because of this the number of eligible boys and girls not getting married is also growing!

The major difference between the arranged marriages of yore and now is that the family’s role stops after they have done a `due diligence`  on the potential spouse and his/her  family and connected  the couple. No more `Sojji & Bajji` meetings.

Once the connection is established between the boy and the girl – it is for them to take the final  call.  They are given permission to talk  and  meet each other as often as they want.  If the distance between the location of the boy and girl prevents them from meeting often, they use technology to know  each other better through the `Net or mobile. This  can take a few months before the boy and girl agree to tie the proverbial knot binding them for life. If both the boy & girl are living abroad, it is not unusual for them to be `live in partners` for some time to find  out their compatability! During this long gestation period, many couples may even  fall in love and agree to marry.  And I call it ‘arranged love marriage’

In our days, we started falling in love with our spouses only after marriage.  And the bond between the husband and wife grew stronger over the years, cemented  by a deep commitment from both to make the marriage work – making tremendous adjustments and compromises  in the process!

On the other hand many of the love marriages conducted without the family’s blessings, fall apart  when the boys and girls, who were in cloud nine during the process of falling in love, face the realities of life.  They discover to their  dismay that their loving partners behave quite differently after marriage as compared to how they did before marriage.They are unwilling to make any adjustments, so crucial for a successful marriage. Without the family support system to help them tide over their conflicts, very often such love marriages, fail. It is another matter that even  some arranged marriages which are conducted in a hurry fail because the couple discover  many incompatibilities after marriage.

It is in this context and taking into account the realities of modern life that the concept of “arranged love marriages” is likely  to work better than pure  love marriages or  marriages arranged in a hurry.

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Saturday, November 30, 2013

R.T.Chari- Sharing wealth with music

Until the age of 40, Chari’s interest in music was restricted to Tamil and Hindi film music. Listening to Binaca Geet Mala hosted by the legendary Amin Sayani was a must for him every Wednesday night. In fact, as a young boy he would get peeved as he was not allowed to listen to his favourite programme, as his brothers used to listen to Carnatic music on the only radio available in the house. This resulted in his developing an aversion towards  Carnatic music.

One evening he was hosting a dinner for some of his family members in the more spacious independent house on TTK Road, where his family had moved in by now and much to his dislike he found that the entire conversation was revolving around Carnatic music. He felt terribly left out. When he protested, his brothers-in-law posed a challenge to him; “They asked me to listen to 500 hours of Carnatic music to realise its magic” and Chari accepted the challenge.

He started by investing some money on music cassettes of some famous Vidwans and started listening to the tapes for a couple of hours every night. His brothers-in-law were proved right. Chari was hooked to Carnatic music in a big way. Soon he became a donor member of Music Academy, attending concerts regularly. Chari realized that Carnatic music was not only giving him great joy but also helped him to become a calmer and a focused person.

Just as he had decided to share his wealth with the deserving in the society, he also decided to share the joy of listening to Carnatic music with his close friends and relatives.

His first initiative in this direction was to hold Chamber music at his remodeled flat in Poes Garden. For 10 years, Chari organized nearly 50 chamber concerts lasting for about 150 minutes. Many junior and senior artists performed to a gathering of 60 to 70 people, every one listening to the “Kutcheris” with rapt attention.

Never satisfied with just offering a feast for the ears, Chari ensured that every concert was followed by a sumptuous dinner for all the invitees.

When I asked him about that, he said “I learnt that from my mother. Seeing the satisfaction of the guests after a hearty meal gives me immense pleasure”.

Not just the meal. Chari also ensured that every guest who attended the concert received a cassette containing 90 minutes of the edited version of the concert,. Only Chari can think of such things; once again proving his penchant for being different from others.

“Delighting the customers” is a phrase used extensively by marketers in the corporate world. Chari has always believed in delighting his audience in more ways than one!

* * * * *

This abiding interest in Carnatic music led Chari to collect more than 6000 hours of music from not only his own archives but also from other collectors. As a person with a vision who always believes in thinking big, Chari realized the need for chronicling and preserving the treasure trove of music he had collected for posterity.

The idea for a Digital Listening Library was born and soon Chari persuaded the Music.  Academy in which he was already an executive committee member to provide space for the proposed TAG Music Academy Digital Listening Archives which he agreed to  establish and maintain for 5 years (which he has now extended by another five years). The Digital Archive was launched at the Music Academy on 13th December 2008 just prior to the music festival of that year.

Chari says, “The difficult job of converting and indexing was done by my enterprising son Prakash and his Team. Empowered by a touch screen technology, the user can in 10 seconds listen to a song of his choice, categorized under a raga or name of the song, singer or composer”

Chari`s generosity seems to have no geographical limits. His dedication to the cause of promoting Carnatic music has led him to sponsor similar archives in cities like Bangalore, Mysore, Hyderabad, and Pallakad, apart from the one in Madras University`s Music Department. His foray to establish such an archive abroad, started with the inauguration of one in Singapore in association with SIFAS (Singapore Indian Fine Arts Society) and has extended to three places in Srilanka.

Not content with promoting only music, Chari who had no great love for Classical dances earlier, decided to also  extend his help in archiving Indian classical dance. The TAG Viewing Gallery was launched recently at the Music Academy adding one more dimension to the Academy`s efforts in promoting classical music and dance. The TAG Music Academy Listening and Viewing Archives has ambitious plans for acquiring 20000 hours of music and many more hours of dance programmes, in the next five years!

His passion for music and how it should be received by the audience has now extended beyond TAG Centre which he owns. TAG Corporation has already sponsored State- of the art auditoriums in eight schools including the ones in SSMS School, Chrompet Sankara School (Tambaram), Emmanuel Matriculation School (Pammal), Lady Sivaswamy Iyer Secondary School (Mylapore) , Bhavan`s TAG auditorium on Kilpauk garden Road and Ramakrishna Mission School, Madras South. Chari constructed the Super Tech 400 seater auditorium at the Guindy Engineering College, his alma mater, which he considers as one of his best contribution.

According to Chari, “Gifting is fine, but it is also important to see that it is received and used properly”. So Chari continues to monitor the institutions where he has extended his support.

In the last couple of years, Chari has been organising lecture demonstrations to help people appreciate Carnatic Music. He  also started supporting efforts to create greater awareness about Carnatic music among school students by  regularly conducting  raga
Identification competitions in selected schools.

The next most ambitious and sustaining project that Chari launched in February 2002 was the TAG South India Heritage Programme to develop a deep understanding of South Indian cultural heritage. Held on the last Sunday of every month, these lectures focus on specific aspects of South Indian Heritage, by eminent speakers.

Attendance is strictly by invitation and if a person does not attend three consecutive meetings without informing , his name is deleted from the invitee list.

Chari is extremely fussy and strict about time management. Speakers are told in advance not to exceed the time limit. Apart from the mandatory breakfast before the start of the programme, every lecture is also followed by a hot cup of coffee, ‘one for the road’ as some of my spirited friends would call it!

The audience consists mostly of senior citizens, all eminent people in their respective vocations; however, Chari’s effort to bring in the younger generation into the programme has so far not been very successful.

Under the auspices of South India Heritage programme, some 160 lectures, lec-dems, music concerts, plays, musical discourses, film shows and book launches have been organized. Both Tag Centre and the South India Heritage Programme have become synonymous with cultural excellence. The South India Heritage Programme recognizes exceptional music talent with the Ramabadhran Centenary Music Award, instituted in 2004. Eight excellent young musicians have so far won the award, which consists of a citation and a purse (which in 2012 was Rs 65,000). Likewise, outstanding performances in Heritage promotion by young achievers are recognized through the Vedavalli Memorial Heritage Award. Four  young achievers have won this award so far.

Chari encourages music talent in the young in several other ways as well. Every November, five young musicians are given a platform for a special afternoon concert, constituting an unusual five-day festival of young talent.

He has also published a 600 page book titled `South India heritage-an Introduction` which has contributions from 40 eminent scholars and which has been edited by Dr. Prema Kasthuri and Dr.Chitra Madhavan. This book is given free to any one going abroad for further studies.

In the last five years he has been also organising monthly lectures on various topics connected with religion. Dr.Pappu Venugopal Rao`s recent lectures on Hinduism under the `Pravachanam Series` has become a big hit among a select list of 100 invitees. Chari insists on the audience coming in Dhotis/Sarees for this programme which again is held on a Sunday morning, once a month.

Chari says, “I have learnt a lot about our heritage and religion from these lectures. I will continue with this effort and hopefully someday I will be able to rope in the younger generation to attend these programmes” 

* * * * *

Chari’s saga of service to society in the area of health, education, music and heritage and other social causes still continue.

When I asked him about any other hobby or interest he has, his face brightened; “Yes, travelling is a great passion with me. I have so far visited 60 countries. I am  an avid collector of coins and miniature dolls from other countries. I have so far collected 3000 sets of dolls and 3500 coins. I also have a collection of miniature chess sets”, he says proudly.

Many of these items can be seen displayed at the well-appointed Party Room on the fourth floor of TAG Centre and at his home.

On the professional front Chari has been a recipient of the Udyog Patra Award from Government of India. The other recognitions he has got include the Best Alumni Award from Guindy Engineering College and early last year Sunanda Trust presented the S Rajam Award of Excellence for his exemplary work in preserving and promoting fine arts, performing arts and cultural heritage of South India.

When I asked him how supportive his family has been, he said, “My wife has played a big role in bringing up my children with right values, while I was very busy with my business and other activities. I also would like to recognize the role of my brother Gopal and his wife for taking care of my old parents for 30 years, allowing me to help the family in other ways”.

As for future plans he says, “I want to continue to sponsor auditoriums in schools. I have already identified schools in Cuddalore and Chenglepet”.

Chari is a highly focused individual. “I don’t take on any project which I feel will be a waste of time and efforts. When I find something worthwhile, I totally concentrate on that just one thing. I am aware that I have a one track mind which is both my strength and weakness.”

He is also known for insisting that the recipients of his generosity agree to contribute something as their share for the project, before he commits to support it. Anything given free is never appreciated by people, according to Chari, so “I insist on a ‘deal’ to ensure total commitment from the recipient of my charity, for the maintenance and continuing success of the project I have supported”

Since his sons have taken over the day to day running of his highly successful business with an estimated turnover of Rs. 150 crores at the last count, Chari has more time on his hands. I will not be surprised if he comes up with some more  ideas to delight the ever growing number of his admirers in  society!

If more people start sharing their wealth and passions like what Chari has been doing for the last 35 years, I am sure this world will be a better place to live!

(This is the concluding part of the article on Chari, the edited version of which appeared in Madras Musings)

R.T.Chari-A Philonthropist with a Difference

How many businessmen will think of building an auditorium, not to make money, but to primarily conduct programmes of their  choice and to derive great joy in throwing it open to friends and well-wishers as well? This always preceded or followed by delicious South Indian tiffin. Food for the stomach and food for the soul! Doing it month after month for the last twelve years, that businessman who is considered some kind of a crusader in the music and heritage circle of Chennai is R T Chari and the auditorium he has built is the TAG center, situated on TTK Road in the heart of Chennai.

I met Chari, at his office room in TAG center one evening to hear his success story and to find out the secret behind his evolution into a successful businessman and a human being with a magnanimous heart.

Chari is a philanthropist who has been sharing his wealth and his passion with the society, long before Corporate Social Responsibility became a buzz word in the corporate world! Listening to him I was so carried away by his story telling abilities that often I would forget to take notes. Though I have known Chari for the last 36 years, I was so fascinated by his life story that my respect for this unusual man has gone up manifold.

* * * * *

Chari was born into a typical middle class Iyengar family at Kesava Perumal Street in the heart of Mylapore, as the fifth child and fourth son in a family of nine children. His father, with his limited means could only assure his children three square meals a day and decent education. While he was the favourite of his grand father, his grand mother  was more fond of his other brighter brothers. Sometimes she would join her brothers in tease him about his inadequacies arising out of his being mildly dyslexic as a student.

Chari says, “It was this constant comparison between me and my brothers that sowed the seeds of an angry young man in me. I was determined to prove to the world what I am capable of.”

Fortunately, the family moved to Tambaram which turned out to be a blessing in disguise for Chari. He terms it his first break in life. While at Mylapore he studied in P.S.Secondary High School; at Tambaram he was enrolled into Corley High School run by Christian missionaries. The headmaster of the school discovered that not only was Chari a good student but the tall young man was also good in sports. Constantly encouraged by the Headmaster, Chari became a popular sportsman in the school winning several prizes in high jump. He also became captain of the school volleyball team and was dabbling in other sports as well. It is in this school that Chari realized that he was good in Maths and also in Science subjects.

“My success in sports and the recognition I got because of it changed the attitude of my family towards me. My family members stopped teasing me. I was now even more determined to prove to my family that I was different from others”, Chari recounts.

* * * * *

Chari`s second  break in life came when he had to join a college for further studies. He had got very good marks in his Intermediate Exam while studying in Jain College and so applied for admission to College of Engineering, Guindy, with a lot of hope. But, he was crestfallen when he found that his name did not appear in the first list of successful candidates announced by the college. He became more frustrated when he found out that he was not considered in the first list probably because of caste considerations and a prejudice against students from Jain College and  not because he did not have enough marks.

Chari recalls with immense gratitude, the timely help provided by R. A. Gopalaswamy, Chief Secretary of Tamilnadu at that time, a distant relative who intervened to ensure that justice was done and Chari got his rightful place in the portals of this reputed college at Guindy.

While in College he continued to show interest in Sports and also fared well in his examinations. After successfully completing his degree in Engineering, when Chari was looking for a decent job with a good salary, fate again intervened to decide the future course of his life. He calls it the third  break in his life.

While he could have got a job in a reputed company with a starting salary of Rs.700 per month like his other class mates, his paternal uncle R.Narasimhachari, a famous  Company law Consultant then , had a different plan. Narasimhachari  was very close to Shri. S. Vishwanathan, Director  of the Seshasayee Group and had persuaded him to take Chari into his fold and mould him into a successful manager. His uncle was very confident that Chari would do far better under Vishwanathan than anywhere else. When Chari protested because the job came with a starting salary of only Rs 150 per month, his uncle told him; “Fortune sometimes comes in the form of a devil. If not accepted it goes away as an angel”. Chari decided to accept the advice of a genuine well-wisher and joined Seshasayee Group as an Apprentice Engineer in 1961. Rest, as they say is history!

* * * * *

In Seshasayee, Chari found a wonderful boss and a great mentor in H.K Ramaswamy, the Technical Director of the company. Impressed by his sharp intellect and hard work (Chari often put in 20 hours of work a day), Ramaswamy took a great liking for the young man and encouraged him to excel himself in every way possible, providing him with all kinds of incentives, which were not offered to others more eligible in the company
Later on he would , along with another director  V.K.Seshasayee, even help Chari with funds from his personal account to make up for a short fall of money required to purchase a three bed room flat in Poes Garden.

“He was a great leader who groomed me to become a successful man in life, I owe a lot to him”, Chari says.

Chari’s reputation as an engineer who was also a super salesman brought him quick recognition in the company. He was known to accept impossible challenges and make them possible. He was promoted as a Commercial Manager in 1968, as Technical Commercial Manager in 1970 and Chief Technical Commercial Manager in 1972.

When the management found out that Chari, though eligible, was not yet married because he dreaded the thought of establishing a family in the small town of Vadalur, in Neyveli District where his office was located, they decided to help him by shifting base. Chari was moved to the new Sales office of the group in Chennai when it was established in 1969.

Chari was married to Rangi, a multitalented girl from Bangalore, chosen by his parents, in 1971. The couple moved to their own flat at Satyanarayana Apartments in Poes Garden. Within two weeks of his starting his married life, fate again intervened to change the course of his life.

Through a force of circumstances Chari was selected to attend a ‘Foundry Exhibition’ in West Germany followed by a 30 day trip to Europe to explore a possible collaboration for his company, to make the hardware for Insulators used in Electric Transmission Systems. During his trip Chari managed to strike a deal with an Italian company, a leading maker of this particular product and was delighted at his success in his very first attempt. However, on his return to India, he found to his dismay that the Management, because of some politics at the high level, had decided to drop the idea of their expansion plans.

Not one to accept defeat, when Chari requested the management to allow him to try his luck with the new project, thanks to the tremendous goodwill he enjoyed with the top people in the Company,  they agreed. The management was so good to him that they also allowed him to continue as a Commercial Manager with the company until he proved himself in his business. Chari could have his cake and eat it too! This turned out to be the ultimate break in his life


Along with his brother Gopal who had also come out successfully as an Engineer from the College of Engineering, Guindy, Chari launched his own company TAG Corporation with its factory located in Chrompet. The word TAG, is an acronym using the first letters of Thiruvenkatachari and Gopal, his youngest brother who has been a pillar of strength to Chari in all his business and other social causes for the last 40 years.

Around the time Chari started his business, the Electricity Boards in the country were  planning to move from 220KV to 440 KV systems and looking for companies which could provide them with the hardware (which at that point had to be imported), required for the changeover. UP state Electricity Board was the first to decide on the new system. TAG managed to get a small order worth Rs.6 lakh which was only 10% of the total order. But the quality of the items manufactured by TAG was so high that the UP State Board soon placed another order worth Rs.32 lakhs. Chari also recalls with gratitude, names of the two Engineers of the Board: J C Gupta and Matha Prasad who were instrumental in TAG getting the order purely based on merit. He did not have to `look after` anybody in the Board to get his order. He says, “In early years I was extremely lucky to get good orders purely based on merit. No other considerations came in the way of the bureauocrats deciding in my favour”.

The next big thing to happen at  TAG Corporation was when it developed an import substitute item for 4R Dampers, with half the weight and price of the imported item. Chari  had got a sample order for 5000 pieces from MP Electricity Board worth Rs.40 lakh on which he made  very good  profit. Chari once again recalls the name of T K Srinivasan, Chairman of MP Electricity Board back then, who was instrumental in TAG getting the order, purely on merit and competitiveness. Soon a big order worth Rs.30 Crores followed, making Chari the uncrowned king in the manufacture of 4R Dampers, a very crucial item required by all Electricity Boards. By now he had also cut his umbilical cord with Seshasayee group.

Being a visionary Chari also set up a first of its kind full-scale outdoor test line to assess the performance of spacer dampers in India. The type of testing facility Chari started in India for Dampers  is even today, considered the second best in the world.

Chari started seeing big money and instead of just hoarding the money, he decided at the  young age of 40, to share his prosperity with  society. From being a successful businessman, Chari was on the road to becoming a generous philanthropist. A philanthropist who did not believe in just cheque book charity

* * * * *

When I asked Chari, which was the first act of charity he performed, he recalled the advice he had received from one Mr.R P Iyer , the then Chairman of Killicks group,who had once told him “When you are doing well, first take care of your near and dear ones before you look beyond to do social service. If every successful businessman does this, the country will take care of itself”.

He had also been irked by the fact that a number of his close relatives who were doing well had not come to his father`s rescue when he desperately needed help. He decided to put the record straight. He was also inspired by the helpful nature of his eldest brother towards the family. So, for Chari, ‘charity began at home”. He decided to persuade, cajole and  if necessary help every one of his siblings to acquire a house of their own.

At this stage Chari also realized the immense joy he was getting by the act of giving and sharing. He added, “I wonder why many successful businessmen cling to their riches and do not share it with deserving people. There is so much satisfaction and happiness in giving”

Beyond the family the first act of charity he performed was donating Rs.10,000/- to Corley High School, where he studied, to be given to the best sports person of the school. Next he decided to support Dr. C V Krishnaswamy, the well-known Diabetologist in the establishment of Ramabhadran Juvenile Diabetes Research Centre at VHS hospital. In the early years he had also donated Rs.3.5 lakh to the Cancer Institute Adyar for purchase of X-Ray equipment. Child Trust Hospital and SMS School in Chrompet were also the recipients of Chari’s munificence. Last year Ramu Endowments, the charity arm of his group helped set up the ambitious TAG –VHS Diabetic Research Centre, another dream project of Dr.CVK, at the VHS hospital.

While Chari was continuing with his generosity, an incident in his personal life completely changed him as a 
 mpletely changed him as a person and the direction of his philanthropic activities.

( Edited version of this article appeared in Madras Musings. The second part appeared in the next issue )